A Glossary Of Common IT (Information Technology) Acronyms And Definitions

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Every industry has its language and terms. These words and phrases can be confusing to anyone who is not part of the daily operations of a specific sector, and the ever-changing IT sector is no exception.

To help you understand the terms, acronyms, and phrases regularly used when dealing with technology, FT Solutions has created this handy reference guide. Here you’ll find valuable information allowing you to comprehend and communicate your IT service needs effectively.

Mb/s (megabits per second) is used to measure internet download and upload speeds.

GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation)
At its core, GDPR is a new set of rules designed to give EU citizens more control over their personal data. It sets guidelines for collecting and processing personal information from individuals who live in the European Union (EU). 

AI (Artificial Intelligence)
In the simplest terms, AI, which stands for artificial intelligence, refers to systems or machines that mimic human intelligence to perform tasks and can iteratively improve themselves based on the information they collect. It is intelligence demonstrated by machines, as opposed to the natural intelligence displayed by animals, including humans.

LAN (Local Area Network)
A local area network (LAN) is a collection of devices connected together in one physical location. Specifically, it is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus, or office building. 

UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply)
An uninterruptible power supply or uninterruptible power source is an electrical apparatus that provides emergency power to a load when input power or main power fails. 

RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks)
RAID (redundant array of independent disks) is a way of storing the same data in different places on multiple hard disks or solid-state drives (SSDs) to protect data in the case of a drive failure.

HIPPA (Health Information Patient Privacy Act)
HIPPA is a US federal law to regulate the sensitive health information of patients. Organizations providing healthcare services and dealing with sensitive health information of US residents need to comply with it.

ISP (Internet Service Provider)
An Internet service provider is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet.

CMS (Content Management System)
A content management system (CMS) is a software application that enables users to create, edit, collaborate on, publish and store digital content. 

IPS (Intrusion Prevention System)
An intrusion prevention system (IPS) is a network security tool that continuously monitors a network for malicious activity and takes action to prevent it, including reporting, blocking, or dropping it when it does occur.

ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)
ISDN stands for Integrated Services Digital Network. It’s a set of communication standards that uses digital transmission to make phone calls, video calls, transmit data, and other network services over the circuits of the traditional telephone network.

SSID (Service Set Identifier)
The Service Set Identifier (SSID) is a thirty-two character unique identifier attached to the header of packets sent over a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN). The SSID acts as a password when a mobile device tries to connect and differentiates one WLAN from another.

SSD (Solid State Drive)
A solid-state drive is a solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies to store data. SSDs use flash-based memory, which is much faster than a traditional mechanical hard disk. Upgrading to an SSD is one of the best ways to speed up your computer.

HDD (Hard Disk Drive)
This electromechanical data storage device stores and retrieves digital data using magnetic storage and one or more rigid, rapidly rotating platters coated with magnetic material. The hard disk drive is the primary and most substantial data storage hardware device in a computer.

WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access)
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a security standard for computing devices with wireless internet connections. It was developed by the Wi-Fi Alliance to provide improved data encryption and user authentication.

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